Hypertext references can use absolute URLS, relative URLs, or root relative URLs.
This refers to a URL where the full path is provided. For example:
This refers to a URL where the path, relative to the current location, is provided.
For example, if we want to reference the https://www.veenir.com/html/tutorial/URL, and our current location is https://www.veenir.com/html/, we would use this:
- root relative
This refers to a URL where the path, relative to the domain's root, is provided.
For example, if we want to reference the https://www.veenir.com/html/tutorial/URL, and the current location is https://www.veenir.com/html/, we could use this:
The forward slash indicates the domain's root. No matter where your file is located, you can always use this method to specify the path, even if you don't know what the domain name will eventually be (as long as you know the full path from the root).
You can nominate whether to open the URL in a new window or the current window. You do this with the
target attribute. For example,
target="_blank" opens the URL in a new window.
The target attribute can have the following possible values:
| ||Opens the URL in a new browser window.|
| ||Loads the URL in the current browser window.|
| ||Loads the URL into the parent frame (still within the current browser window). This is only applicable when using frames.|
| ||Loads the URL in the current browser window, but cancelling out any frames. Therefore, if frames were being used, they aren't any longer.|
You can make your links "jump" to other sections within the same page (or another page). These used to be called "named anchors", but they're often referred to as jump links, bookmarks, or fragment identifiers.
Here's how to link to the same page:
So these two pieces of code are placed in different parts of the document. Something like this:
You can create a hyperlink to an email address. To do this, use the
mailto attribute in your anchor tag.
Clicking on this link should result in your default email client opening up with the email address already filled out.
You can go a step further than this. You can auto-complete the subject line for your users, and even the body of the email. You do this appending
body parameters to the email address.
Example HTML Code: